Due to the ongoing Coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak, many people have been wearing protective face masks to help prevent the spread of the virus. As the UK reviewed steps to ease lockdown it’s become mandatory to wear a face mask on public transport and when going to the hospital.
But for people with sensitive skin, wearing a face mask can cause or aggravate acne, rosacea, eczema and other skin conditions.
The moist, humid environment, caused by wearing a face mask, traps sweat, natural oils and dead skin, leading to a break out of acne.
Friction against the face, particularly around the chin, cheeks and bridge of the nose, can cause an itchy rash or exacerbate acne symptoms.
The acne which develops has been nicknamed 'maskne' – a contraction of mask and acne. Acne is an unpleasant and often embarrassing condition which usually afflicts the face, causing itchy red blemishes.
While wearing a face mask can hide the physical appearance, which can boost your confidence while you are out and about, it doesn't treat the underlying condition and can worsen the irritation.
There are ways you can prevent maskne and even treat it and - as with most skin conditions - it is a case of trying different things to find the one which works best for you.
Here are some things that you should consider, in order to prevent and treat maskne.
Doctors, nurses and other health professionals wear a very specific type of medical-grade mask referred to as an FFP3 face mask. However, for the public, many people are opting for more affordable surgical masks, paper masks, washable fabric masks or home-made masks made out of scarves, t-shirts or bandanna's.
The different materials used to make face masks can impact people's skin in different ways. For example the paper masks can cause constant friction against your face, combined with the trapped warm air and moisture it can create or worsen existing skin problems.
On the other hand, reusable face masks can cause dryness, which leads to irritation, since many fabrics used for them absorb the natural oils on our skin.
Plus the residue from laundry detergent/fabric softeners can also lead to clogged pores and irritation from contact. Also, if you are already prone to acne, avoid cloth masks made of rough fabrics and opt for ones made with cotton fibres instead.
While it’s important to ensure a tight seal around the edge of your face mask, this can put pressure on your skin and cause discomfort, particularly on the nose.
For many people it will be a case of buying the different face masks and trying them out before finding the one that suits your skin type the best.
Aside from having the most appropriate mask for you, it's equally important to ensure you are wearing it properly. You should be careful when putting on and taking off your face mask to mitigate the risk of accidentally contaminating yourself and other surfaces. Check out our guide for putting on and taking off face masks for more information,
Some people are using disposable masks that can be thrown away after each use, however the UK government has encouraged people to make their own masks.
The danger with such fabric masks is that they can end up harbouring germs and dirt. This is why cleaning your mask is so important.
If your face mask is reusable, you should wash it as soon as you take it off.
For non-reusable masks, simply throw them away after using it.
By doing this you are reducing the risk of spreading germs and helping your skin from breaking out further. It is a good idea to have at least two face masks. This way, you will always have a fresh face mask if one is in the wash.
If your mask is washable, your choice of detergent matters. Consider washing your face mask in non-bio detergent if you have sensitive skin.
Make sure you let your mask dry out after every wear and then wash it to remove any sweat and dirt trapped inside.
Please also be mindful that when you are wearing a face mask you do not touch it throughout the day as germs on the mask could then be passed onto your hands.
Moisturiser keeps your skin hydrated and acts like a barrier to friction from your face mask.
Apply the moisturiser around your mouth and nose area and anywhere the face mask is likely to rub your skin, to help form a barrier.
For the best results, choose a moisturiser which is fragrance and oil free.
Ideally if you are wearing a face mask it is best to avoid wearing make-up, or at least minimise the amount to avoid clogging the pores around the area where the mask sits.
If you are wearing make-up, make sure you remove it as soon as you take your face mask off. As the mask has been on top of the skin for however long it may clog your pores.
Wash your face thoroughly once you take the face mask off to remove unwanted bacteria, dirt and dust particles, which can all cause irritation and sensitivity.
It is also important to pat your face dry with a towel rather than rubbing your skin. This prevents unnecessary friction, which can irritate the skin and exacerbate symptoms further.
Make sure your skin care routine is gentle. Avoid fragrant products which will only aggravate your skin more.
Avoid washing your face more than once a day, as frequent washing of the skin can remove natural oils which keep your skin hydrated, and can make your symptoms worse.
For acne suffers, products containing benzoyl peroxide usually helps.
Ask a pharmacist about over-the-counter treatments which can reduce your symptoms. They will be able to help you choose the most suitable treatment for you and your skin type.
If your maskne is getting worse no matter what you try, make an appointment with your doctor, who will be able to advise you further on treatments which might be more suitable for you.
For persistent acne, your GP may be able to prescribe an acne treatment such as Epiduo. You can buy acne treatments such as Epiduo online from Prescription Doctor.
We offer a range of acne treatments which you can order online and have delivered to your door the next day.