Conditions

Heartburn

While heartburn is an unpleasant and sometimes painful condition, there are a number of treatments and preventive measures which can help you.

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Available Treatments

Lansoprazole_15mg_gastro-resistant_capsules

Lansoprazole

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  • Reduces stomach acid
  • Taken once daily
  • Relieves heartburn symptoms quickly
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Nexium_control_20mg_capsules

Nexium (Esomeprazole)

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  • Prevents heartburn
  • Lasts 24 hours
  • Can be taken with or without food
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Pantoprazole_gastro-resistant_40mg_28_tablets

Pantoprazole

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  • Easy to swallow tablet
  • Taken once daily
  • Treats and prevents heartburn symptoms
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Omeprazole_20mg_capsules

Omeprazole

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  • Decreases stomach acid
  • Variety of doses
  • Effective against heartburn symptoms
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Ranitidine_150mg_tablets

Ranitidine (Zantac)

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  • Fast acting
  • 12 hours relief
  • Relieves heartburn and indigestion
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Losec_MUPS_20mg_tablets

Losec

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  • Treats heartburn and GORD
  • Capsules or tablets
  • Consultation with an online doctor
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Zoton_FasTab_15mg_tablets

Zoton FasTab

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  • Dissolves on the tongue
  • Fast acting
  • Branded lansoprazole from Pfizer
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What is heartburn?

Heartburn, also known as acid reflux or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD), is a condition in which stomach acid is regurgitated and backs up in the oesophagus.

This can cause a burning feeling behind your sternum in the centre of your chest. An unpleasant sour taste or smell may linger in your mouth for some time after experiencing heartburn, and your voice may become hoarse and scratchy. You may develop a cough afterwards, though these symptoms usually pass after a little while.

In some cases, heartburn can cause nausea and vomiting.

How does heartburn develop?

Where the oesophagus joins the stomach is a collection of muscles known as the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS). This muscle acts like a gate. When we swallow food, the LOS opens so that the food can enter the stomach. The stomach releases acid and the sphincter closes, preventing the acid from travelling up the oesophagus during digestion.

Damage to the LOS can cause it to function incorrectly, resulting in the LOS remaining open when digestion begins. In this scenario, stomach acid can escape the stomach through the oesophagus. Unlike the stomach, the oesophagus is not equipped with cells which can neutralise the strong stomach acid by secreting an alkali. As a result, the stomach acid burns the oesophagus and causes pain.

Chronic heartburn (GORD) can cause irreversible damage to the cells in the oesophagus and increases the risk of developing more serious conditions such as Barrett's oesophagus or oesophageal cancer.

For people with asthma, GORD can make symptoms worsen and may have an impact on the quality of their breathing. Speak to your doctor if your gastroesophagel reflux is affecting your asthma for further advice.


What causes heartburn?

It's not always clear why heartburn happens to some people. Though, diet and lifestyle factors can be the cause of the condition, or exacerbate symptoms. A common cause of heartburn is indigestion (dyspepsia). When indigestion is the suspected cause of acid reflux, other symptoms such as nausea (feeling sick), burping and wind may also be present.

The following foods can cause acid reflux:

  • Acidic foods
  • Alcohol
  • Chocolate
  • Coffee
  • Fatty foods
  • Spicy food

Other factors which contribute to acid reflux and heartburn include:

  • Anxiety
  • Hiatus hernia
  • Medicines (such as NSAIDs like Ibuprofen)
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Stress

You may find your symptoms are worse after eating. Lying down and bending over may also make you feel worse, as this increases the changes of stomach acid travelling up your gullet.


How can I prevent heartburn?

In many cases, heartburn can be prevented by making changes to your lifestyle, such as adjusting your diet or quitting smoking. If your symptoms are particularly disruptive to your lifestyle, speak to your doctor about available treatments.

It may be a good idea to record your bouts of heartburn in a diary. Keeping a record of your symptoms can be valuable to both yourself and your doctor in determining possible triggers of acid reflux. You should include the following:

  • The date and time your symptoms occur
  • How long your symptoms lasted
  • How painful the symptoms were on a scale from 1 to 10
  • Whether you experienced coughing, burping or difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • The food you ate before the symptoms developed
  • The activities you did prior to experiencing your symptoms

Adjusting your eating habits may help to mitigate your symptoms. Eating habits go beyond what you eat and encapsulate how you eat. Aim to eat at regular intervals during the day and balance your portions accordingly. If you have a later lunch, consider eating a breakfast which consists of slow releasing energy such as whole grain cereal or oats. Avoid fizzy drinks and foods which contain a high amount of refined sugars, such as sickly sweet deserts, as they can contribute to your symptoms. Each meal should provide enough energy until your next meal. When eating a meal, sit down and slow down; chew your food properly before swallowing and sit down while eating to aid digestion. Take into account your post-eating habits - what do you do after eating? You should wait at least an hour after eating a meal before exercising. If you take a nap after eating dinner, you may need to make adjustments to your resting position to prevent acid reflux.

The NHS recommends adjusting your bed so that your head is higher than your waist. One way of achieving this is to prop your head and shoulders up on some pillows. This will reduce the chance of stomach acid entering your oesophagus while resting.

Numerous studies have indicated that sleeping on your right-hand side can aggravate heartburn symptoms. It is believed that sleeping on your right relaxes the lower oesophageal sphincter, allowing acid to enter the oesophagus during sleep. Sleeping on your left-hand side, however, may ease your heartburn symptoms.

Other tips for preventing acid reflux include:

  • Avoiding or limiting alcohol consumption
  • Losing weight if you are overweight
  • Avoiding tight clothing around your waist

If you suspect your acid reflux is a side effect of medication you are taking, speak to your doctor or a pharmacist for advice. Always speak to your doctor or pharmacist about any side effects you experience. You should never stop taking a medicine unless your doctor has instructed you to do so.


Buying heartburn treatment online

If you suffer from recurrent acid reflux, speak to your doctor about your symptoms. There are a number of medicines which can help treat the unpleasant symptoms of heartburn.

Our UK pharmacy stocks a variety of different heartburn treatments.


Table of contents

What is heartburn?

What causes heartburn?

How can I prevent heartburn?

Buying heartburn treatment online

Additional resources

What's the difference between Omeprazole and Lansoprazole?